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A Spotlight on WANO Programmes

Inside WANO takes a closer look at three of WANO's programmes and the directors leading them
Katie Bailey, Editor, WANO

WANO offers its members a series of high-quality products and services through four main programmes: Operating Experience, Peer Reviews, Technical Support & Exchange and Professional & Technical Development.

The last issue of Inside WANO looked at the Operating Experience programme. Here, we look at the remaining three programmes and meet each of their directors.

Professional & Technical Development (P&TD) Programme Overview

The P&TD programme provides a forum for WANO members to enhance their professional knowledge and skills. Specific activities include workshops, conferences, seminars, expert meetings and training courses, which enable members from all regions to compare their operations and emulate best practices.

Each activity focuses on improving plant performance in areas such as operations, maintenance and engineering.

Meet the Programme Director

Wade Green, Professional & Technical Development Programme DirectorWade joined the WANO London Office in September 2013, from Eagle Harbor Consulting in Washington, USA. Wade spent 24 years at INPO and held various positions, including team leader on numerous peer reviews for the WANO regional centres in Atlanta, Paris and Tokyo. He was the training manager at Trojan NPP and ran the INPO Senior Nuclear Plant Managers course. He also performed startup testing for General Electric at five new plants in three countries.

Wade has a Master's Degree in Nuclear Engineering and a boiling water reactor (BWR) senior reactor operator (SRO) certification.

What inspired you to apply for this position at the WANO London Office?
I had worked with WANO previously, including two years in the Paris Centre. I found it to be very rewarding due to the diversity of the staff and the openness of our members. You could actually see the positive effects of our efforts at the sites. In the wake of recent events, the role of WANO seems more vital than ever.

What do you see as your main challenges in this role?
P&TD has not had a full-time programme director until now, so I need to work with the regional centres to develop an overall strategy going forward. Training needs additional emphasis since there were training aspects to not only the Fukushima event, but also Three Mile Island and Chernobyl. We need to drive this change. Training varies considerably between countries and utilities; I would like to help identify solutions to those problems and share them with our members. We also need to improve training for WANO personnel so we can carry out our mission more effectively.

What are your aims and objectives over the coming years?
To establish an overall strategy for P&TD and to work with the regional centres in implementing that strategy. We have to get all the centres to work together as a team.


Technical Support & Exchange (TS&E) Programme Overview

This programme consists of four distinct activities:

1. Technical Support Missions (TSMs)
Provide a means for WANO members to assist each other in addressing identified issues or problems. A team of peers is selected on the basis of their expertise, to review issues identified during peer reviews and find potential solutions.

2. Performance Indicators
Provide a method for members to assess the performance of their plants against an international benchmark. Worldwide reference targets have been established to promote long term improvement

3. Principles, Guidelines & Good Practices
Provide a method for members to assess the performance of their plants against an international benchmark. Worldwide reference targets have been established to promote long term improvement

4. Operator Exchanges
Refers to any information exchanged directly between operators with the purpose of increasing the safety and reliability of nuclear power plants. These include operator exchange visits, communication through the WANO website, exchange of documentation, personnel and any other exchange and/or co-operation between operating organisations.

Meet the Programme Director

Jukka Paivarinta, Technical Support & Exchange Programme DirectorPrior to joining the WANO London Office in December 2012, Jukka worked for Finnish company, Fortum, leading the development of the operations and maintenance area of the company's governance model for partially owned nuclear assets.

He also worked as the corporate electrical safety manager and was a member of the operations and maintenance process board.

Prior to this, Jukka was the Electrical and Information & Control Maintenance Manager at Loviisa NPP.

What inspired you to apply for a secondment to the WANO London Office?
Prior to joining WANO, I worked on the governance model of partially owned nuclear assets and our goal was to develop methods to support our fleet and their governors in achieving their goals. When I was asked if I was interested in the position of TS&E Director at WANO, it seemed a natural continuation to extend the scope of my work.

What do you see as your challenges in this role?
Being able to consolidate all of the knowledge and potential available within WANO and its members, in order to produce products in the TSE programme; such as TSMs, good practices and guidelines. We need to communicate clearly and seek out all opportunities available to work together.

What are your aims and objectives over the coming years?
To ensure that all members are able to access the support provided by WANO to improve their performance. We need to continue building the infrastructure to enable WANO London and all RCs to support each other.


Peer Review (PR) Programme Overview

Members emulate the best international standards in operational performance through peer reviews. Peer reviews help members compare their operational performance against standards of excellence through an in-depth, objective review of their operations by an independent team from outside their organisation. The result is a frank report that highlights strengths and areas for improvement in nuclear safety and plant reliability.

The Peer Review programme provides an opportunity for members to learn and share worldwide insights on safe and reliable plant operation and thereby improve their own performance. The same principles extend to companies as well as stations, in the form of the corporate peer review.

Post-Fukushima, WANO is moving towards a four year frequency for peer reviews, with a follow-up at the two year point. WANO is also working with other organisations such as INPO, IAEA and JANSI to determine what other reviews can be judged as equivalent to WANO Peer Reviews.

Since 1992, WANO has conducted over 500 operating station peer reviews in 31 countries/areas, including at least one at every WANO member station.

Meet the Programme Director

David Crabtree, Peer Review Programme DirectorDavid has spent eight years with the Institute of Nuclear Power Operators (INPO) in a variety of roles, including team leader on WANO peer review evaluations both in the USA and internationally, and senior evaluator for equipment reliability. He spent two years in South Korea as the project lead for introducing system engineering techniques, and before that filled several roles in a 20-year career at Palisades NPP.

Dave has a senior reactor operator (SRO) certification and a Bachelor Degree in Mechanical Engineering.

What inspired you to apply for a secondment to the WANO London Office?
Having had the opportunity to work outside the US before, I was really excited to be able to coordinate activities in the area of peer review across the globe.

What do you see as your main challenges in this role?
The largest challenges for the PR programme have been pretty well articulated by the WANO assessments performed in 2012. Namely, that we need to do a much better job in developing the consistency and quality of the programme in all its forms: peer reviews, corporate peer reviews and pre-startup reviews. Given the differences in staffing and governance models in each region, this is a very large undertaking.

What are your aims over the next two years and what would you like to take back with you when you return to INPO?
We need to develop a common set of principles or standards for each version of the PR programme, and those standards need to represent the highest levels of excellence. I recognise that, in some cases, regional centres may have gaps in performance levels, but we can develop action plans to close those gaps. Doing this will improve both the standardisation and quality of our performance. I intend to bring back to INPO the good practices that are going on outside the US and help the utilities engage more effectively in the global nuclear community.



For more information on WANO and its programmes, please go to and download our This is WANO factsheets.