In April 2011, following the accident at Fukushima Daiichi, the WANO Post-Fukushima Committee developed five basic recommendations for improvement. The second recommendation was related to implementation of a comprehensive global nuclear event response strategy. Based on recommendations of the Post-Fukushima Committee and decisions made at the WANO Moscow Centre (WANO-MC) stress tests performance seminar in August 2011, the WANO-MC Regional Crisis Centre (RCC) was established, modelled on the crisis centre of Rosenergoatom Concern. All 11 WANO-MC member operating organisations (OO) participate in the RCC.
The participants decided that the RCC would:
• Provide support in the event of an incident at a nuclear power plant (NPP).
• Disseminate information among its members on safety significant events at NPPs.
• Provide a single point for information.
RCC performance is based on nine major principles:
• Constant preparedness
• Optimisation of information flows
• Prompt notification
• Expert support
• Provision of material logistical support
• Utilisation of accumulated knowledge
• Conduct of training and exercises
• Voluntary principle
The differences existing in national law requirements and technical capabilities determine the level of OO/NPP participation in RCC:
Level 1: Receiving notifications from NPPs on accidents within plant sites or general accidents at NPPs, and distribution of the received information among RCC members as well as continuous provision of information to RCC members on the evolution of events at the affected NPP.
Level 2: In addition to Level 1, provision of scientific, technical and engineering support is available for OO/NPP.
Level 3: In addition to Level 2, provision for maintaining data transfer channels and for real-time information transfer to RCC.
An RCC working group was established for project implementation. The head of the working group is Vladimir Khlebtsevich, a representative of Rosenergoatom Concern (Russia); and his deputy is Sergey Vybornov (Ukraine), a representative of WANO-MC. A significant contribution in RCC performance was also made by Peter Tuominen, representative of Fortum (Finland).
Prior to commencement of work, documents were developed by RCC that support its performance. They include RCC Regulation, Regulation for Information Exchange between RCC and RCC VVER Members and Regulation for RCC Performance. Bilateral agreements between WANO-MC and RCC participants were signed.
On 14 March 2013, the RCC took part in the international emergency exercise of the Finnish company Fortum (Loviisa NPP). This is considered as the day that the RCC was officially established. The RCC took part in an exercise at Kalinin NPP (Russia) in September 2013 and another at Mochovce NPP (Slovakia) in May 2014. During these exercises, information exchange between RCC participants and provision of expert and technical support in the event of an accident at a NPP was practiced.
Participation in an emergency drill at Kola NPP (Russia) is planned for August 2014, and at Kozloduy NPP (Bulgaria) in October.
WANO-MC Director Mikhail Chudakov believes that implementation of an international crisis centre opens a new era in the nuclear power industry.